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Home > History of religion > Jainism > Concept of God In Jainism
Concept of God In Jainism
Jainism regards the world eternal. Naturally there is no room for any supernatural entity who can be the creator, sustainer and destroyer of the world.mahavir Hence, there is no God in Jainism. Further, for Jainism each soul in his pristine nature is alone and solitary. He does not need any help from other souls, and does not give any help to others. As a matter of fact all souls, freed and nityasiddhas have the same status. Thus, there is no room for worship. Consequently each soul in bondage is said to be an architect of his own soul. Either he can work out his own destiny for liberation or sink further into deeper bondage.

Thus it is said:
Alone he accumulates merit; alone he enjoys the various happiness of, heaven; alone he destroys Karma`, alone also he attains to moksa". `He alone is doer and experiencer of his status`.

A Great Scholar says:
"None can help the jiva in his troubles, he alone has to bear his pain and suffering. Friends, relatives, wife and children are powerless to combat suffering."

Not only Jainism has no place for God in its system, but has advanced very powerful arguments against the existence of God. But in spite of its atheistic thinking Jaina temples are full of idols, especially of Lord Mahavira.

Yet the Jainas do great deal of bhakti towards the idol of Lord Mahavira, for according to them the mere sight of the Tirthankara serves as a reminder for them to lead a life in such a way as to win one`s own release. Of course, the desire for release lies in dormant form in each man and the sight of the idol makes this desire for release awakened in the believers. Hence, an idol is a support in meditation and its sustaining aid.

"If one holds a red flower before a glass, the glass will be red; if one holds up a dark blue flower the glass will be dark blue. Just so, the mind is changed by the presence of the image. Contemplating the form of the passionless Lord in a Jain temple, the mind becomes filled automatically with a sentiment of renunciation. The mind straightway becomes purified. But given purity of mind, one is already on the way to final bliss."

For this purpose a statue of Lord Bahubali at Shravanabelagola in Karnataka has been erected. It is 70 feet high and the Mahabhiseka (coronation) of this occurs every 12 years. Lakhs of Jaina devotees attend this ceremony.

Thus, with its belief and tenets the Jaina view about God is most consistent. Guru and religious scripture are only guide towards winning its nirvana. But this is not pure humanism, for the goal to be achieved is wholly spiritual.Concept of God Further, this goal is not to be attained by improving human society and by undertaking ameliorative measures for secular benefits. Hence, Jainism may be called spiritual humanism, as different from the naturalism of John Dewey and the materialistic humanism of communism.

Some of the Prominent Yakshas and Yakshanis
CHAKRESHWARE DEVI She is the dedicated attendant deity of lord Adinath (Rishabhadev). She is also called by another name i.e. Apratichakra. The color of this goddess is golden. Her Vehicle is the eagle. She has eight arms. In her four right hands she holds the blessing mudra, arrow, rope and wheel. In her four left hands she holds the rein, the bow, the protective weapon of Indra and the wheel.

AMBIKA DEVI She is the dedicated deity of Lord Neminath the 22nd Tirthankara. She is also called Ambai Amba and Amra Kushmandini. Her color is golden and the lion is her vehicle. She has four arms. In her two right hands she carries a mango and in the other a branch of a mango tree. In her one left hand she carries a rein and in the other she hasher two sons.

PADMAVATI DEVI She is the dedicated deity of Lord Parshvanath, the 23rd Tirthankara. Her color is golden and her vehicle is the snake with a cock`s head. She has four arms and her two right hands hold a lotus and a rosary. The two left hands hold a fruit and a rein.

SARASWATI DEVI Saraswati, the goddess of knowledge, is considered to be the source of all learning. This divine energy is the source of spiritual light, remover of all ignorance and promoter of all knowledge. She is respected and adored by all faiths, worldly persons and saints. She has four arms, one holding a book, the other a rosary and two hands holding a musical instrument Veena. Her seat is a lotus and the peacock is her vehicle representing equanimity in prosperity. In some places it is mentioned that the swan is her vehicle.

LAKSHMI DEVI Goddess Lakshmi represents wealth. People worship her as the goddess of wealth, power, money etc. In the upper two hands, she is holding a lotus with an elephant, in the lower right hand a rosary and in the lower left hand a pot.

MANIBHADRA DEV Shri Manibhadra is originally a yaksha, worshipped by Indian masses from very old times and his introduction in Jainworship is only a later adaptation. It is an image of six armed yaksha with an elephant as his vehicle. GHANTAKARNA VEER This deity is worshipped for protection and for driving away the evil influence created by lower types of negative energy. jain templeHis arrow indicates penetration of evil forces. The bow gives forceful momentum to the arrow. His symbol is the bell that resounds to create auspicious sounds in the atmosphere. Sometimes people who are not aware of the facts call him by mistake Ghantakarna Mahavira that creates confusion between Lord Mahavira and Ghantakarna Veer. He is not connected to Lord Mahavir in any way.

NAKODA BHAIRAVA This is the tutelary deity of Bhairava. This deity is usually found near the entrance of the temple. People from far and near, visit the shrine and make offerings to the deity on fulfillment of their material desires. It is the positive force around the temple.

BHOMIYAJI This deity is in the shape of a mountain. It is the natural positive energy of the mountain Sametshikharji. This energy inspires and guides the believer and the traveller.
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