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Home > History of religion > Buddhism > Origin of Buddhism
Origin of Buddhism
Buddhism is a religion of Indian origin . It is essentially non-Vedic and possibly pre-Aryan world-view of India. In it the doctrine of Karma-Samsara-Gyana-Mukti was clearly defined and adopted.lord buddha However, non-Aryan Yoga along with the tapas (austerities) of Sanyasa (renunciation) has been fully assimilated. These heretical views of Brahmajnana Sutta do not have any kinship with the then prevailing Brahminism. Besides, Samkhya is considered non-Vedic and Lord Buddha at first was instructed by Alara Kalama, and this Alara is identified with Arada who was an exponent of early Samkhya. Even the word `Buddha` is said to have been derived from the Samkhyan `Buddhi`. Further, `Kapil` of `Kapilvastu` is said to have hailed from this place, who is said to be the founder of Samkhya philosophy.

Like the many teachers of the Upanishads, Lord Buddha and Lord Mahavira were both kshatriyas. These kshatriyas were regarded as inferior. They belonged to a tribe that have never been mentioned amongst the Aryan tribes. Hence, Buddhism and Jainism cannot be called `offshoots` of Vedic religion. They are independent and parallel development of thought. In due course, they clashed with Vedic religion. For this reason a good deal of struggle arose between Budhism and Brahminism, which led to sharpness in the tool of thinking and deepening of philosophical speculation. Even when Buddhism`s popularity lessened in India, its many contributions have been used and fully assimilated in Hinduism of today.

Even when Hinduism has assimilated Buddhism, but still it is very distinct in nature. Buddhism has its own scriptures. Instead of appealing to the scripture as an authority, the Buddha encouraged independent thinking without appealing to any authority.Gautam buddha It never held the doctrine of caste and theoretically it held fast to atheism and salvation through one`s efforts alone without taking recourse to any supernatural agency. Buddhism, unlike Hinduism, has centred round the life and teaching of its founder, Gautama, the Buddha. Further, it has international recognition and is a missionary religion. It adopted the local language of the people for the propagation of its faith. This also shows that it is quite different from Vedism, which is based on Sanskrit.

Siddhartha was born of Shuddhodana and Maya Devi. Shuddhodana was the chief and ruler of Shakya clan, which in turn was related to lksvaku of Kosala. Lord Buddha was known as Gautama or Siddhartha before he was called the enlightened one (Buddha). He was married to Yashodhara and they had a son named Rahula.

When Gautama was going out of the palace on three different occasions he saw a sick man, an old man and a dead man. These sights convinced him that life is misery and a way out of this life of suffering should be found out. At that moment he saw a serene monk and then he himself thought of becoming one. One day Gautama left his family, and became a wandering monk. He put on the garment of a renunciate and adopted their lifestyle. In his search for a way out of suffering, he placed himself under the two teachers of Alara Kalama and Uddaka Ramaputta. Alara Kalama gave him the doctrine and necessity for enlightenment, according to Samkhyan philosophy.

However, mere intellectual doctrine of enlightenment did not make him enlightened. So he went to another teacher Uddaka Ramaputta who taught him the necessity of tapas and bodily mortification.buddha Lord Buddha practised the path of bodily mortification, till he became too weak even to walk. At last when he was meditating under the banyan tree at Bodh Gaya, he gradually found the riddle of suffering opening before him. He remained dazed by what he had found out. He became enlightened. A struggle remained within him whether or not should he preach what he believed. At last he decided to transmit this gospel to the whole world.

Siddhartha, had achieved his enlightenment at the age of 35 and then on he was known as Lord Buddha. He taught throughout northeast India for another 45 years. When the Buddha was 80 years old, he told his friend and cousin Ananda that he would be leaving them soon. And so it came to be that in Kushinagara, not a hundred miles from his homeland, he ate some spoiled food and became very ill. He went into a deep meditation under a grove of sala trees and died. His last words were
"Impermanent are all created things; Strive on with awareness."
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